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Regnecentralen's History
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Regnecentralen's History
Regnecentralen share its name with an old, well-known Danish computer company founded on October 12, 1955. The "old" Regnecentral, "A/S Regnecentralen", is now long gone. We have chosen the name out of respect for the pioneering work done by the "old" Regnecentral, and to signal our position as an innovative yet conservative company. We founded our company in the beginning of 2000 just before the "bubble" burst. Most companies started in the bubbly days had names with large concentrations of "exotic" characters (x, y, z, etc.) and long series of buzz-words. We chose the name "Regnecentralen" to signal stability, reliability, and seriousity. We are still here and we are just as reliable and serious as we have always been.

The history of the "old" Regnecentral - "A/S Regnecentralen" is briefly described below. Please note that there is no affiliation whatsoever between the old "A/S Regnecentralen" and our company. The full, legal name of our company is "Regnecentralen i Aalborg".

Wikipedia about A/S Regnecentralen:
Regnecentralen, or RC for short, was the first Danish computer company, founded on October 12, 1955. Through the 1950s and 60s they designed a series of computers, originally for their own use, and later to be sold commercially. Descendants of these systems sold well into the 1980s. They also developed a series of high-speed paper tape machines, and produced Data General Nova machines under license. They are arguably the oldest remaining "computer-only" company in the world.

What would become RC started as an advisory board formed by the Danish Academy of Applied Sciences to keep abreast of developments in "modern electronic computers" taking place in other countries. After several years in the advisory role, in 1952 they decided to form a computing service bureau for Danish government, military and research uses. Led by Niels Ivar Bech, the group was also given the details of the BESK machine being designed at the Swedish Mathematical Center (Matematikmaskinnamndens Arbetsgrupp).

The group decided to build their own version of the BESK to run the bureau, and formed Regnecentralen in October 1955 to complete and run the machine. The result was the DASK, a vacuum tube-based machine that completed construction in 1956 and went into full operation in February 1957. DASK was followed in 1962 by the fully transistorized GIER, used for similar tasks. GIER proved to be a useful machine, and went on to be used at many Danish universities. Bech also sold GIER machines to the Eastern Bloc nations, starting with Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Bulgaria, and later Romania, the East Germany, and Yugoslavia.

RC was also home to Peter Naur, and DASK and GIER became particularly well known for their role in the development of the famous ALGOL programming language. After the first European ALGOL conference in 1959, RC started an effort to produce a series of compilers, completing one for the DASK in September 1961. A version for the GIER followed in August 1962. Christian Andersen, another RC employee, wrote the first introductory text on the language, Everyman's Desk ALGOL, in 1961.

In order to support higher throughput at their own service bureau, RC developed several high-speed input/output devices. One of their most popular was the RC 2000 paper tape reader, introduced in 1963. Feeding the tape at 5 meters per second, the 2000 could read 2,000 characters per second (CPS), storing the results in a buffer while the computer periodically read the data back out instead of stopping the tape to wait for the computer to get ready. The machine was later upgraded as the RC 2500, increasing speed to almost 7 meters a second, improving read speed to 2500 CPS. The RC 2000/2500 became a major product for RC during the 1960s, selling 1,500 examples around the world. Several related devices were added to the line, including a high-speed punch and a dedicated data conversion machine that would "massage" data between formats to ease the burden on the host computer.

In 1964 Regnecentralen was taken public, although the majority of the company's shares were held by its biggest customers.

In the mid-1960s RC started the design of a small integrated circuit-based computer system for industrial control and automation needs, initially to fill a request by a Danish company to automate a chemical factory they were building in Poland. The RC 4000 design emerged in 1966 and was completed for the factory the next year. When combined with appropriate peripherals, almost always including an RC 2000 along with several re-branded devices from other companies, the RC 4000 was a highly reliable minicomputer, and went on to be sold across Europe. The RC 8000 from the mid-1970s used newer-generation ICs to shrink the RC 4000 into a single rack-mount system. The last in the series, the RC 9000, further shrunk the machine and improved performance to about 4 MIPS, and was sold in versions that could run either RC 8000 programs, or Unix.

The RC 4000 is particularly famous for its operating system, developed by Per Brinch Hansen. Known simply as Monitor, it is the first real-world example of a system using an extremely simple kernel along with a variety of user-selected programs that built up the system as a whole. Today this concept is known as a microkernel, and efforts to correct for Monitor's poor performance formed the basis of most OS research through the 1970s and 80s.

RC also started selling the Data General Nova under license in 1970 as the RC 7000, later introducing their own updated version as the RC 3600 the next year. This series filled a niche similar to the RC 4000, but for much smaller installations. The RC 3600 became a fixture of many Danish schools and universities.

From, Copyright Wikipedia

External references (most in Danish)
Regnecentralen at The Danish Data Museum
DASK - The first Danish Computer
Regnecentralen at Wikipedia (in English)
Picture Gallery (from The Danish Data Museum)
Regnecentralen at Google

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